INDEPENDENCE DAY OF INDIA-Independence Day 15 August is one of India’s most significant national festivals, celebrated throughout the length and breadth of the nation. People of India celebrate the occasion with nationalistic zeal; diminishing their demographic divisions of caste, creed, religion or ethnicity. They hold their motherland and her independence dear to their hearts and pledge to fight together against any oppression or foreign invasion. It is the spirit of unity, patriotism, and nationalism, which India and her children celebrate on Independence Day on 15 August, each year.
It is one of the largely celebrated national holidays of India. Independence Day is celebrated in every school, college, government offices, offices of private organizations, hospitals, railway stations, bus stations, streets, markets, shops, houses, etc. Display of national flag over the buildings, vehicles, houses, etc and the drums playing the tune of the national anthem; make the celebration even grander.
INDEPENDENCE DAY OF INDIA FACTS
Independence Day is an occasion for the people of India to retrospect on the nation’s glorious past of freedom struggle. It is a time to get familiar with your roots and also the great freedom fighters and their struggle. It is additionally the proper time to understand some facts concerning Independence Day and the way glorious was the struggle for independence.
Therefore, we are giving below, interesting and knowledgeable facts on Independence Day for you to bask in national pride and to remember the freedom fighters/events/people/leaders who played a significant role in the freedom struggle.
These facts on Independence Day are useful to the varsity kids, college students as well as working professionals. Independence Day facts will be proved helpful in essay writing competitions, speech recitation, debates or group discussions.
FACTS OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE DAY
- India got freedom from British people to rule on the fifteenth of August in 1947.
- India got freedom after lots of struggle in 1947 at midnight.
- First Independence Day of India was celebrated in 1947, 15th of August by hoisting the tri-colored flag.
- Later it had been declared because the National and Gazetted vacation once colleges and schools open for a few hours solely to celebrate it with some educational and cultural works.
- National Anthem is sung once a flag hoisting ceremony.
- Rani Laxmi Bai (Queen of Jhansi) had fought like a tiger against British people rule and sacrificed her life.
- Mahatma Gandhi (also called as the father of the nation) led the country through his non-violent movement to get freedom.
- India has never attacked the other country within the last a hundred thousand years of history.
- Earlier there was a valley named Indus which became the first inhabitant of India and then it became the reason for the origin of the name “India”.
- Princely states of India were brought together by the Sardar Vallabhai Patel throughout the liberty struggle movement of the country.
- “Swaraj is my birthright, and I will have it!” was proclaimed by the Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
- Bhagat Singh threw a bomb on the British government during the meeting for which he was arrested and hung.
- Indian freedom struggle was supported by a Britisher additionally, named as Dr. Annie Besant who had supported the house Rule League in India.
- Ashfaqualla Khan was a great freedom fighter who was given a death sentence where he first kissed the noose before getting hanged.
- The rebellion of 1857 was the most prominent freedom movement against Britishers.
- Ignorance of British Government orders was completely initiated in the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1929.
- Dandi March of 1930 was started by Gandhi as an Indian independence movement for creating own salt against British people rule.
- Quit India Movement was started in 1942 to widespread non-violent struggle all over India for getting freedom.
- 15th of August is also celebrated as Independence Day in countries like South Korea (got freedom from Japan in 1945), Bahrain (from the UK in 1971) and Congo (from France in 1960).
- Indian Independence Day celebration formally takes place at Red Fort, Delhi.
- When India became freelance, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became its first Prime Minister and hoisted the national flag on Red Fort, Delhi.
- At the time of independence of India, the gold value was (in 1947) 88.62 Rs/10 grams but currently, it is 35,760 Rs/10 grams.
- Indian rupee in 1947 was equal to Re 1 = $1 and currently 69.07/dollar.
- First cabinet (a group of 13 ministers) of India had taken an oath on 15th of August 1947. There was no National Anthem during the time of Independence of India.
- India had no national anthem when it became an independent country on 15th August 1947. It was adopted as India’s national anthem later in the 1950s. The Bengali version of Jana Gana Mana was written by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 which was first sung during the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress.
- Independent India lacked in having a structured government. There was no president or prime minister heading the country. The political framework developed much later in India when it became a republic.
- The Governor-General was the only and the most authoritative person in India at the time of independence.
- Although India became independent on July 18, 1947, Lord Mountbatten declared 15th August as the date of Independence because this date observed the second anniversary of the surrendering of Japan to the Allied Forces during World War II.
- The National Flag was first hoisted at the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta on August 7, 1906. The flag had three horizontal stripes of red, yellow and green color. The red stripe at the top consisted of 8 white lotuses imprinted on the flag in a line. On the yellow strip, Vande Mataram was written in Hindi. There was a white sun on the left and a white crescent and star on the right imprinted on the green strip.
- The contemporary Indian national flag is a tri-colored flag with an Ashok Chakra in the middle. The top-most saffron strip signifies sacrifice and bravery; the middle white strip stands for truth, peace, and purity; and the green color means fertility, faith, and valor. The Ashok Chakra implies righteousness.
- The first variant of the national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya in 1921. It consisted of two colors-red and green which represented the two significant communities. But Gandhiji later recommended adding a white stripe in the middle with a spinning wheel. The white color represented the remaining Indian communities and the spinning wheel signified the progress of the country.
- Our country got its name ‘India’ from the River Indus, a place which was home to the country’s first inhabitants.
- India is known as Bharat Ganarajya in Sanskrit. That is why the country is popularly called Bharat in Hindi.
- India shares its Independence Day with five more countries on August 15, but with different years. The countries are Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea, Congo, and Liechtenstein.
- India had 562 princely states or kingdoms when it became independent. Sardar Vallabhai Patel along with other leaders implemented different techniques to adjoin these princely states to form India. Out of the 562 princely states, the three princely states, Jammu & Kashmir, Hyderabad, and Junagarh decided to stay out of the Union. These states neither wanted to be a part of India or Pakistan.
- Even after India became independent in 1947, Goa still remained a Portuguese colony. Portugal made amendments in its constitution stating Goa as a Portuguese state. It was made a part of India in 1961 after Indian troops annexed the state to India.
- Independence Day is celebrated by the Indian Government at the Red Fort in New Delhi. The Prime Minister addresses the whole nation by giving a speech that is broadcasted all throughout the country.
- The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission is the only licensed company engaged in the production and supply of Indian flag. The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyog Samyukta Sangha located in Dharwad is the only manufacturer of the flag made with cotton.
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, featured on the famous Vogue magazine because of his unique dressing sense. His jacket became a popular fashion trend in the West and came to be known as the ‘Nehru jacket’.
- Mahatma Gandhi was absent from the celebrations of the country’s first Independence Day. He was there to be a part of a hunger strike that was conducted to impede the communal killings that were triggered due to partition.
- Cyril John Radcliffe was given the task of drawing the borders of Independent India. Despite the fact that he had never come to India, he was given this task of the division of the country.
- Hindi was declared as the official language of India on 14th September 1949. It is not the national language of the country. Article 343 of the Indian Constitution mentions Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language of India.
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, hoisted the national flag 17 times from the fortification of the Red Fort on the Independence Day.
- There was a controversy relating to the Indian national anthem, Jana Gana Mana that it was written by Rabindranath Tagore for the British emperor. He refused these claims on the basis that the song talked about the victory of Bhagya Vidhata of India and not of the British king.
- Although the plan of Partition was declared on June 3, 1947, it was executed on August 14, 1947, the date on which Pakistan was formed. On August 15, 1947, the Independent Sovereign Republic of India came into being.
- The price of 10 grams of gold was Rs 88.62 at the time of independence.