Independence Day Of India Essay, Speech

(Independence Day Essay Speech)

Independence Day Essay Speech India is a land of festivals. It celebrates numerous religious festivals and three national festivals. Independence Day Essay Speech Gandhi Jayanti, Republic Day and Independence Day are the three national festivals celebrated in the country.

The government of India has declared a national holiday on the national festivals of the country. All the schools, colleges, offices and markets across the country are closed on these festivals.


Here are essays on National Festivals of India of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exams/school assignments. You can select any National Festivals of India essay according to your need and requirement:


India celebrates three national festivals – Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti. National festivals in India are celebrated with as much pomp and show as the religious festivals of different states. The citizens of our country are seen immersed in the feeling of patriotism on all three festivals. Various big and small events to celebrate these festivals are organized at different places throughout the country.

Independence Day Essay Speech

Schools, colleges, offices, and markets are decked up with flowers, balloons, flags and tri-color drapes to add to the festive mood. Skits, poetry recitation, debates, fancy dress competitions, and various cultural programs are organized as a part of these celebrations. The celebrations at schools, offices and other institutes are mostly held a day before these festivals as the same is closed on the festival day. Various housing societies also organize to get together to celebrate these festivals. They usually celebrate these during the morning hours. Cultural activities are organized, patriotic songs are played and brunch or lunch is usually arranged for the people.

These festivals are celebrated to honor our great leaders and get inspired by their deeds. The events organized to celebrate these festivals also offer a good platform to bond with our neighbors, colleagues and other near and dear ones.

Essay on Independence Day Of India – Essay Speech (400 WORDS)


National Festivals of our country are major events that call for major celebrations. Each of these festivals is celebrated in its own unique way. Here is how the three national festivals, Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti are celebrated in India:

Independence Day Celebration

Independence Day is celebrated at the national level at Red Fort in Delhi. The Prime Minister of the country hoists the Indian National Flag on this historical site on the 15th of August each year. The ritual started after the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag here on 15th August 1947 as the country attained independence from the clutches of the British rule.

21 gunshots are also fired each year as a part of the Independence Day celebration. The Prime Minister of the country then addresses the nation. Flag Hoisting is also done in various other parts of the country. Cultural programs and kite flying competitions are organized in schools, colleges, offices and residential areas across the country to celebrate the occasion.

Republic Day Celebration

The President of India who is the constitutional head of the country hoists the national flag at Rajpath, New Delhi on the 26th of January each year. This is followed by parades of National Cadet Corps and Indian Army. Vibrant and beautiful tableau demonstrating the culture of different Indian states also parade during the event. School students perform dances and give other performances on Rajpath.

The soldiers who fought bravely for the country are remembered and honored on this day. The President awards these brave personalities with Ashoka Chakra and Kirti Chakra. The governors of different states hoist the Indian national flag in their respective states. Republic Day celebrations are also done in schools, offices and other institutions.

Gandhi Jayanti Celebration (Independence Day Essay Speech)

The Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi is remembered fondly on the 2nd of October, Gandhi Jayanti. The statues of Mahatma Gandhi are decorated with flowers on this day. Educational institutions and offices organize special events on this occasion. Speeches about the achievements and contribution of Mahatma Gandhi are delivered during such events. Prayer meetings are held and Gandhi Ji’s memorial is visited by various ministers to pay homage to the departed soul. Songs are sung in his praise. Painting and essay competitions are also held as a part of the Gandhi Jayanti celebration.


The citizens of India participate wholeheartedly in the celebration of all three national festivals of the country. The citizens are socked in love and devotion to the country during these festivals.



The Indian national festivals, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti and Republic Day, are celebrated in schools across the country. Since these are all national holidays most of the schools celebrate these festivals a day before. It is time for a double celebration for the students as it means no classes for two days. Here is the importance of celebrating national festivals in schools:

Independence Day

Independence Day is the most loved national festivals of our country. Here is the significance of celebrating this festival in schools:

To pay Tribute to the Freedom Fighters: The first and foremost reason for Independence Day celebration in schools is to ensure that the younger generation values the sacrifices of the freedom fighters and honors them. It is a mark of respect to the freedom fighters that fought bravely for the freedom of our country.

To Acquaint the Young Minds with Freedom Struggle: Independence Day celebrations in schools are a way to acquaint the younger generation with the struggles and hardships people went through during the British reign. Speeches are delivered and skits are performed to narrate how the freedom fighters made protests and held various freedom movements to weaken the British Empire and push them out of the country and how the general public supported them in this endeavor.

To Celebrate the Spirit of Freedom: Independence Day celebrations are also done to celebrate the spirit of freedom. Kite flying competitions are organized at various schools to celebrate the same.

To Instill Feeling of Patriotism in Young Generation: The celebration is also a means to instill the feeling of patriotism in the young minds – a feeling which is missing in the younger generation these days.

Republic Day

Republic Day celebration in schools across the country is as grand as Independence Day celebrations. Here is the importance of celebrating Republic Day in our country:

To Emphasize the Importance of Indian Constitution: The constitution of India was formed on the 26th of January 1950. This day is celebrated in schools each year to emphasize the importance of Indian constitution to the students.

To Bring the Young Generation Closer to the Country: Republic Day speeches are delivered to narrate the challenges and hardships faced during the formation of the Indian constitution and the leaders involved in the same. Republic Day celebration in schools is a way of bringing the young generation closer to its country.

Gandhi Jayanti

Here is the importance of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti in schools:

To Inspire the Young Minds with Bapu’s Ideologies: Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in schools to honor the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi and inspire the young minds to follow his ideologies. The young generation is motivated to follow the path of truth and non-violence listening to the inspirational life story of Bapu.

To Instill the Feeling of Patriotism: Bapu was a true patriot. The celebration in schools across the country on his birthday is a celebration of the feeling of patriotism. It is a way to instill the students with love for their nation.


Students participate in these celebrations with enthusiasm. The entire atmosphere is infused with the feeling of patriotism.



India is known as the land of festivals. Each Indian state has its own special festivals that are celebrated with enthusiasm each year. People deck up their houses, wear new clothes and visit their near and dear ones during these festivals. Besides these numerous religious festivals, the country also celebrates three national festivals. These are 15 August, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. All these festivals are celebrated with immense zeal throughout the country. Here is the history behind the celebration of these festivals and their significance:

1: Independence Day

The Freedom Struggle

India was colonized by the British for decades. The citizens of India were treated poorly during the British reign. They were made to work hard but were paid meagrely for the same. The tyranny of the British kept increasing by the day and eventually there emerged a few Indian leaders who gathered to courage to oppose their cruel means. Freedom fighters such as Mahatma Gandhi, Chandra Shekhar Azaad, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Sarojini Naidu did not only fight for the country but also inspired the general public to participate in the freedom struggle.

A Day to Honour the Freedom Fighters

The efforts of the Indian freedom fighters and those who joined them for the struggle finally paid off in the year 1947. India attained freedom on 15th August 1947 and this day each year is celebrated as 15 August to honor and respect the great leaders who helped us attain freedom.

A Day to Celebrate Freedom

15 August is also a day to celebrate freedom and independence. Several events are organized throughout the country to celebrate this day.

2: Republic Day

A Day to Celebrate the Formation of Indian Constitution

The Government of India Act (1935) was replaced by the Constitution of India with effect from 26th January 1950. It became the governing document of the country. Republic Day is celebrated each year as a mark of honor to the Indian constitution.

Major Celebration Time

There is a grand celebration on Republic Day each year. This day is celebrated like no other. A major Republic Day event takes place in the country’s capital, New Delhi. The President of India hoists the national flag of the country at Rajpath. This is followed by the Indian national anthem and a host of parades. The parades and cultural events add to the color and flavor of this national festival. Bravery awards are also awarded as a part of this event.

3: Gandhi Jayanti

A Day to Remember the Most Revered Freedom Fighter

Mahatma Gandhi took an active part in the Indian freedom struggle. He carried out various freedom movements and challenged the British at every step. 2nd October, his birthday is celebrated by the entire nation each year to pay tribute to him.

An Inspiration to Follow the Path of Truth and Non-Violence

The ideologies of Mahatma Gandhi were different from that of the other leaders of his time. While most of the other freedom fighters took to aggressive means to drive the British out, Mahatma Gandhi followed the path of truth and non-violence. His ideologies were not only an inspiration for the people of his own time but also for the young generation today. Gandhi Jayanti is a way to remind us of Bapu’s great ideologies and inculcate them in our lives.


15 August, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti are indeed special days for the Indians. These have been declared as national holidays. People across the country celebrate these festivals with all their heart. Schools, offices, markets, and housing societies are all decked up with tri-color ribbons, balloons and flags during these festivals. Patriotic songs are played to fill the atmosphere with the feeling of patriotism on these festivals.



Festivals play an important role in a country depicting its cultural and traditional values. Apart from religious festivals, each country also has some national festivals which are of national importance. These festivals play a vital role in spreading harmony, unity, and patriotism in the country. It also reminds us about the struggle and sacrifices which helped the country to rise against all the odds and stand as a free and independent nation.

National festivals of India majorly revolve around the Indian independence and how it rose up against all the odds. India has three national festivals mainly Republic Day, 15 August and Gandhi Jayanti which are celebrated across the country with great zeal.

Why do we Celebrate National Festivals

National festivals are a way by which we pay tribute to our freedom fighters and great leaders who sacrificed their lives for the nation without a second thought. It also commemorates the great historical events of the country which has shaped the structure of the nation both politically as well as socially. It helps to keep alive the rich heritage of our country and introduce the young generation with great historical culture and values. These national festivals are also a way to spread peace, harmony and togetherness among people and make a country which is united and strong.

Republic Day

Republic Day in India is the national festival which is celebrated on 26th January every year to commemorate the great historic event when the Constitution of India came into force. This was the great day which made India a Sovereign Democratic Republic nation and secured the rights of Justice, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity to all its citizens.

The Constitution of India was the result of the hard work and dedication of the members of the Drafting Committee headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and was implemented on 26th January 1950. The Constitution of India gave the rights in the hands of its citizen to choose a government which is by the people, of the people, and for the people and provided the basic fundamental rights to its citizen so that they can live with dignity and liberty without any fear or force.

Independence Day

Independence Day is the day when India got freedom from the darkest era of British rule. It was 15th August 1947 when India fought with all the odds against British rule and rose up to become an independent nation. The path towards becoming an independent nation was not easy and was constructed with the sweat and blood of our great freedom fighters who fought against the harsh policies of the British Empire and sacrificed their lives in the course.

It was because of our young freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and others who forced to set down the inglorious empire of the British rule and made India rise up to a new era of an independent nation. Independence Day not only helps to commemorate this great day but also reminds us of the sacrifices of our great leaders and freedom fighters.

independence day
independence day

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 02nd October to mark the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi who is considered as the ‘Father of the Nation’. Mahatma Gandhi was the face of the non-violent Indian freedom struggle who played a vital role in the journey of free India.

The Non-Cooperation, Quit India and Salt Movement (Namak Satyagrah) shook the foundation of the British rule and that also without shedding a drop of blood or lifting a single weapon. It was because of his great contribution that India got its freedom on 15th August 1947. Gandhi Jayanti also instills his great teachings in the hearts of the people and makes them follow his principles of non-violence, truthfulness, and honesty.

National Festivals Celebration in India

All three national festivals of India are celebrated with great enthusiasm and patriotism throughout the country. These are the festivals which bind the nation with a single string of unity, harmony, and brotherhood. The tricolor can be seen flying high in every home on the occasion of national festivals. The major celebration takes place in the national capital where President and Prime Minister of India hoist the national flag and takes the salute of the parade.

On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, the nation pays homage to the Father of the Nation. Dignitaries and members of all political parties pay tribute to Bapu at Rajghat, the memorial place of Mahatma Gandhi. Every school, institutions, and offices celebrate the national festival with great pride and patriotism remembering the freedom fighters and their immense sacrifice for the nation.


National festivals are of supreme importance for the citizens of India. These festivals remind us of the significance of freedom, democracy, and peace. These festivals are celebrated by each and every community and a way of spreading unity and harmony among people. Republic Day teaches us the value of democracy whereas 15 August makes us understand the significance of an independent nation and Gandhi Jayanti gives us the message of ‘Ahimsa’ or non-violence and peace.

(Independence Day Essay Speech)

Also Read 73 Independence Day 15 August 2019

7 thoughts on “Independence Day Of India Essay, Speech

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